We have many, many holes all over our property. The ground is fairly sandy. We are in Camden County, NJ near the Atlantic County line. The holes are straight down. We see no evidence of "volcano shaped mounds", or frankly, any mounds at all. We have garden plants destroyed, but more alarming is the evidence of tree roots being eaten. We have fruit trees die which are then easily pulled up with few if any roots. We assumed they were moles, but with what I am reading, I know now we must be wrong. Any information would be helpful.
Below Ground Foraging Vole Type
Both the Pine and Oregon vole are almost entirely subterranean. They have a network of underground tunnels where they forage for food thus making them hard to detect. They damage trees, shrubs, bulbs, and perennials from below the ground, consuming small roots, girdling large roots, and eating the bark from the base of small trees. Plants severed from the roots make it possible to easily pull the top of the plant out of the soil. By the time you notice weak, unhealthy plants, the damage is already extensive. Plants not killed outright may be invaded by diseases or die from water stress during periods of drought.
Look for signs of stress in your ornamental plantings. Search and feel for underground tunnels around the base of the stressed shrubs that may reveal vole activity. You may even probe your finger into the ground to locate the underground tunnels.
If you detect tunneling, then set up a test in the area with the Apple Sign Test to confirm activity.
Many times moles are blamed for this damage because voles can use mole tunnels to reach plant roots and bulbs. (Moles feed on earthworms and the grubs in the lawn, not roots. Their tunneling activity raises the soil into ridges). See www.MolePro.com if you have moles.
Look for their presence by locating their circular burrow entrances not more than 1" - 1 ½" in size such as this one located in a landscaped garden mulched with hardwood mulch.
You can also look for their presence by lifting mulch to reveal long narrow trenches or runways that are serpentine, and that wind around obstructions. Notice the vole pathway trench and entrance hole located under this pine straw mulch. A burrow system may house many voles. Their tunnel system makes the soil feel soft and spongy under foot.
Pine vole families live in territories as small as 40' across.
Pine voles like to make tunnels or runs along house foundations, stone walls, and among perennials and groundcovers. They are also attracted to fallen birdseed from feeders.
This article is credited to VOLE CONTROL, Inc.
The Vole Control Bait Station System was invented and developed by Marshall H. Warren, owner of Landscape Creations, Inc. Marshall's interest in voles began when his customers had problems with them in the landscape. He addressed the problem and offered solutions in an article written for a newsletter to clients. When a web-site was created to promote Landscape Creations, helpful articles from past newsletters were placed on the site. One such article dealing with voles in the landscape, received quite a bit of attention as people searched online for solutions to their vole problems. Many calls came in from all over the country with inquiries as to where to find the Rozol bait mentioned in the article. Many of the callers had hundreds of dollars of plant material at stake and were desperate for a solution.
Knowing that even with the much sought after Rozol bait, the current methods of application were inadequate, Marshall was inspired to come up with a better system. Through research and study on voles, experimentation is his own yard, and later, product testing in the yards of landscape clients, The Vole Control Bait Station System was born. Now, as of May 2004, Vole Control, Inc., headed by Marshall Warren as President, is sharing the patent-pending Vole Control Bait Station System with the general public. Vole Control, Inc. is committed to providing customers with all the information, support and supplies needed to achieve "Vole Control" and empower customers to conquer their vole problem!
About Marshall H. Warren
Marshall Warren grew up in a farming community located in southeast North Carolina where his parents passed on a love of horticulture. His father, a teacher of horticulture, started a nursery business when Marshall was in his early teens. Marshall worked in the nursery, alongside his parents, and did small landscape jobs until he left for college at North Carolina State University in Raleigh. He returned home each summer to help in the growing family business.
Marshall majored in Landscape Horticulture at NCSU, receiving his BS degree in May of 1985. After graduating, he married his college sweetheart in July of 1985 and began work in Raleigh with another nursery to gain landscaping experience. After several years, he started Landscape Creations by Warren's Greenhouse and Nursery as a division of his parents' business, specializing in residential landscapes.
In 1994, Marshall returned home and began working more closely with his parents in the nursery business. Eventually, due to his father's declining health, the difficult decision was made to close the nursery and Marshall started Landscape Creations, Inc.
Marshall and his wife, Dana, have two children, a 12-year-old daughter, Lindsey, and a very rambunctious 4-year-old son named Cole.
He is actively involved in his church where he is currently an inactive deacon and teaches the Royal Ambassadors (a boys group ages 7-13). God, family, and integrity in business are important to Marshall.
Landscape Creations has an excellent reputation with homeowners from the Raleigh/Cary area to Fayetteville, North Carolina. Word of mouth by satisfied customers has always been Landscape Creations' most successful form of advertisement.
After several years of development, Marshall and his family are excited to finally share The Vole Control Bait Station System with the public through Vole Control, Inc.
This is such a specialty. I felt that you would be better served by reading from a master in this narrow specialty. You now, should have the resources to go to war with this pest species.
If you have further questions, I would be able to help.
I always appreciate a rating response for my consultations if you feel well served.
Good Luck Helen,
American Pest Solutions
Pest Control Chicago